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Company Formation Bulgaria



Company Registration in Bulgaria

Updated on Tuesday 15th May 2018

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Company formation in Bulgaria consists of several actions that are mandatory before starting a business in this country. Firstly, one needs to decide about the form of business. According to the Bulgarian Foreign Investments Agency, an OOD - the Bulgarian limited liability company - is one of the most popular choices for small and medium businesses. There is also the option of incorporating a Bulgarian AD - the joint stock company, suitable for large companies.
An entrepreneur who comes from a different country, such as CroatiaUnited States of America or a business investor from Hungary can also set up a sole proprietorship, a partnership, a representative office, a branch or a subsidiary in Bulgaria, helped by our specialists in company formation.  The Bulgarian company foundation documents must be executed in front of a notary, the minimum share capital will be deposited in a bank account, the notarized documents are to be registered with the Commercial Register at the Registry Agency and not least, the entity must register for VAT. You may need a lawyer's advice for doing business in Bulgaria, such as in other countries like France.
We invite you to watch a video about how you can set up a company in Bulgaria:

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What is an LLC in Bulgaria?

The Bulgarian OOD (limited liability company) is a form of business especially established by the small and medium companies and it is formed by members with the liability limited to their contribution to the company’s capital. It is considered very advantageous to open a Bulgarian OOD because, unlike other jurisdictions, there is no need to submit a minimal share capital at incorporation. The main documents of a Bulgarian limited liability company necessary for registration are the articles of incorporation and the memorandum of association (the last one in case only one shareholder is involved). The company of this type is managed by a director appointed by the general meeting of the shareholders (considered the highest instance in the entity). The name of the company must be unique and followed by the termination OOD.

How can you incorporate a joint stock company in Bulgaria?

A joint stock company in Bulgaria (AD) is a type of company designed for major businesses and must be incorporated by at least two individuals or corporate bodies. The name of the company must be unique and followed by the termination AD. Unlike the limited liability company, this entity must provide a minimum share capital of EUR 25,000 (for a closed joint stock company) or EUR 50,000 (for an open joint stock company) divided into shares with nominal value of EUR 50. At the base of each joint stock company, sits the by-laws of the company, containing the name and the registered address of the company, its purposes, details regarding the capital stock and shares, the name of the advantaged members and type of advantages, the modality of appointing the board of directors and the supervisory board, transforming or liquidating the entity. The main difference between the closed Bulgarian AD and the open Bulgarian AD is that only the shares of the last one can be traded at the stock market.

Sole traders in Bulgaria

A single entrepreneur can register a Bulgarian sole proprietorship. The entrepreneur is fully liable for the company’s debts and can benefit from the full profits of it. There is no minimum share capital required for this type of business incorporated in Bulgaria and, in case of liquidation, the owner doesn’t have separated liability from his/her business and his personal assets may be affected by this process. 

Partnerships in Bulgaria

The Bulgarian general partnership is formed by two or more members with unlimited liabilities, united under the same name and with the same economic purposes. Just like in the case of the Bulgarian sole proprietorship, the personal assets of the members can be affected by the liquidation processes. A general partnership is based on the partnership’s articles which must state the name and address of each partner, the name of the partnership (formed by the names of the partners followed by the termination SD), the amount contributed by each partner and the modality the losses and profits will be divided between them.
Similar with the general partnership is the Bulgarian limited partnership which is formed by two or more partners who can be general (this type of partner is fully liable for the entity’s liabilities and has full decisional powers and doesn’t need to contribute with a fixed amount to the capital) and the silent partner (which has a liability limited to his contribution to the capital, doesn’t have a decisional power and, in case of liquidation, has his personal assets protected). This type of Bulgarian partnership is also based on the partnership’s articles. The name of this type of limited partnership must contain at least one general member’s name followed by the termination KD.

How can I register a branch in Bulgaria?

Foreign investors who want to establish a branch in Bulgaria need to respect the rules and regulations of the Bulgarian Registry Agency and must appoint a representative agent or an attorney for the registration process and for documents preparation. The parent company must provide a series of documents among which:
  • the certificate of incorporation with the name of the owners and details about the activities;
  • a few bank statements offering complete financial information and details about the accounts;
  • the decision of opening a branch issued by the foreign company;
  • the certificate of good standing with information about the future operations in Bulgaria.
When establishing a branch in Bulgaria, we suggest you talk to our team of company incorporation agents in Bulgaria for assistance in the registration procedure.

Can I open a subsidiary in Bulgaria?

Foreign entrepreneurs can establish subsidiaries in Bulgaria, a separate legal entity with its own capital. These can be set up through joint stock companies or through limited liability companies in Bulgaria. The minimum share capital for an LLC in Bulgaria is EUR 1, and EUR 25,000 for joint stock companies.

Sole traders in Bulgaria

Businessmen from abroad can perform the activities as sole traders and firstly they must register with the Trade Register and the local offices. Bulgaria offers several free trade zones with special tax regimes for both locals and foreign investors.

The attributes of companies in Bulgaria

The following table can offer details about the available business structures and the characteristics. 
Logistics & activities LLC JSC Branch Sole trader
Bussiness in Bulgaria YES YES YES YES
Invoice issuance YES YES YES YES
Minimum share capital  1 EUR EUR 25,000 NO 1 EUR
Partners in Bulgaria NO NO NO YES

Incorporation procedure in Bulgaria 

Preliminary procedure before registration. At the beginning of company incorporation in Bulgaria, the entity’s representative must execute the minutes of the constituent meeting of the shareholders or the general meeting of the general partners. After that, it is mandatory to obtain a notary certified statement of consent, the signature specimen of the manager and a certified copy of the articles of incorporation or the partnership agreement. A certificate from a bank stating that at least 70% of the minimum required capital has been paid must be obtained before starting the actual entity registration. The certified statement of consent and signature specimen of the manager must be notarized.
The actual registration process of a company in Bulgaria consists in depositing the notarized foundation deeds, minutes of the meeting of incorporation and the bank certificate stating the share capital. The procedure takes around four working days. After that, the following step of the company incorporation in Bulgaria consists in filling an application to the National Revenue Agency accompanied by the foundation deed, the bank account document or a document attesting the contributions value, an excerpt from the Commercial Register in order to get the VAT number. This process doesn’t take longer than 12 working days.
The whole process of a Bulgarian company incorporation performed by a law firm in Bulgaria takes around two working weeks. After the registration, you should hire an accountant and we can recommend you a professional because we are in contact with many specialists in accounting in European countries. 

Economy overview in Bulgaria

Situated in the center of Balkan Peninsula, on the road between Europe and Asia, Bulgaria has a lot of advantages to offer to the foreign and local investors. The main developed sector is the service sector represented by the tourism, Bulgaria being an attractive holiday destination due to its advantageous prices and beautiful landscape.    The population is highly educated, English speaker, this leading to a reputable workforce. The major advantages granted by the Bulgarian government are the taxation system, one of the lowest from EU, with a profit tax of only 10% and the small withholding taxes on dividends paid to non–residents of 5% and withholding taxes on interests paid to non-residents up to 10%. All the above can be minimized or even exempt by the vast network of double taxation treaties signed by Bulgaria so far.
The local and foreign investors who want to set up a company in Bulgaria may contact our representatives in company formation.



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